At the end of each month, the SAFE Regulatory Radar highlights a selection of important news and developments on financial regulation at the national and EU level.
Shifted deadlines for implementation requirements and reporting obligations due to the COVID-19 pandemic
In response to the COVID-19 outbreak in 2020, the European supervisors have reviewed the application of some requirements and extended several deadlines.
First, the proposal foresees to extend the favorable treatment of publicly guaranteed non-performing loans (NPLs). NPLs that were guaranteed as part of fiscal responses to mitigate the negative economic consequences of COVID 19 should be included.
Second, the Commission proposed the extension of the current transitional arrangements in the CRR by two years to mitigate the impact of new IFRS 9 provisions on regulatory capital. In combination with the current crisis, the application of IFRS 9 resulted in a steep increase in required Expected Credit Loss (ECL) provisions by banks, which in turn lead to erosion of banks’ capital and lending ability.
Third, the date of application of new leverage ratio buffer requirements on global systemically important institutions (G-SIIs) would be deferred by one year to 1 January 2023.
The two latter changes follow the revised implementation timeline by the Basel Committee and are expected to be adopted by the EU Parliament and Council in June 2020.
Further, on 4 May 2020, the European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) presented a joint draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS). It amends the Delegated Regulation on the risk mitigation techniques for non-centrally cleared over-the-counter derivatives, under the European Markets Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR), to defer the two implementation phases of the bilateral margining requirements for one year.
Alongside, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) acknowledges the difficulties by issuers in preparing financial reports in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. It has recommended National Competent Authorities (NCAs) to prolong the statutory deadline for the publication of financial reports, including annual reports. ESMA and NCA s will re-assess the need to extend the forbearance period further, if necessary.
In addition, ESMA has delayed the application of the tick size regime to systematic internalizes (SIs) under the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (MiFIR). The tick size regime requires trading venues to adopt minimum tick sizes to equity and certain equity-like instruments.
Capital Markets Union: EBA presents guidelines on benchmarking of internal approaches, determination of the weighted average maturity, and credit risk mitigation
First, the EBA updated its implementing technical standards (ITS) for the 2021 benchmarking exercise of internal approaches. The 2021 exercise focuses on the quality of parameters and modelling choices, in particular, on the probability of default (PD) parameter, an additional IFRS 9 parameter. The main changes cover the integration of the sub-set of templates dedicated to the benchmarking of the international financial reporting standards (IFRS 9).
Second, the EBA has presented its final Guidelines on the determination of the weighted average maturity (WAM) of contractual payments due under the tranche of a securitization transaction that will be applicable from 1 September 2020. WAM is one of two alternative approaches to determine the maturity of the tranche that the institutions have to calculate for the securitization positions.
Third, the EBA published its final Guidelines on credit risk mitigation (CRM) in the context of the advanced internal ratings-based (A-IRB) approach. The document seeks to eliminate the implementation complexities of the current CRR framework caused by different supervisory practices and bank-specific choices. The final implementation of these Guidelines is scheduled by 1 January 2022.
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Anastasia Kotovskaia is Research Assistant at the SAFE Policy Center and currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Law at Goethe University.