After your arrival in Germany, you have to deal with some formalities, depending on your contract and the duration of your stay in Germany. The following are the most important ones if you want to live and work in Germany.
- Entry visa
EU citizens do not require a visa to enter Germany, all other foreigners do. Nationals of those countries for which the European Union has abolished the visa requirement, e.g. the U.S., do not require a visa for visits of up to 90 days in an 180‑day period. You will find a list of those countries as well as application forms at the Federal Foreign Office.
To obtain an entry visa for the purpose of taking up work in Germany, please apply to the German embassy or consulate-general responsible for the area where you are currently resident. Your future German employer needs a copy of your entry visa as soon as possible to forward it to the labor office (Agentur für Arbeit).
- Residence registration
If you plan to stay in Germany for longer than three months, you need a residence permit (Aufenthaltserlaubnis). Within the first week after arrival, you have to register at the registration office (Bürgeramt) at your place of residence (e.g. at the Bürgeramt Frankfurt, even if you only have a hotel address). You will find your local registration office listed under the heading “Stadtverwaltung” in the local telephone directory. You have to obtain a confirmation of registration (Anmeldebestätigung). Every time you change your residence within Germany, no matter if you move next door or across the country, you must report this to the registration office within one week.
Confirmation of registration (Anmeldung)
The registration confirmation serves as proof of address and you will need it, for example, when you open a bank account or want to register with a city library.
To register, you need:
- your passport and/or identity card
- the rental agreement, signed by your landlord and yourself
- signed confirmation form (Abmeldung) of your place of residence in your home country (not necessary for U.S. citizens)
If you keep your apartment/house in your home country, no confirmation form is needed!
Details are required on your marital status, child support, and religious affiliation. Please take your identity card or passport, a copy of your marriage certificate and of your children’s birth certificates along with you in case they are needed.
When living outside of Frankfurt, you should go to the local town hall (Rathaus) to register your residence.
- Residence Permit
In Germany, the residence permit can only be applied for after registration. For this purpose, please apply to the office for non-German nationals (“Ausländerstelle”). For non-EU-citizens, the residence permit is usually issued for a maximum of one year and will be stamped into your passport. EU-citizens obtain a residence permit valid for one year, called “EG-Ausweis”.
At the office for non-German nationals, you will need to present:
- two passport photographs (adults and children over 16 years old)
- written confirmation from the host company with details of your transfer
- registration form.
- Work Permit
EU citizens as well as nationals from states in the European Economic Area (EEA) do not require a work permit for Germany. Foreign nationals from states outside the EEA may as a rule only start work in Germany if they have a valid work permit. The work permit will be valid for the same period of time as the residence permit. The work permit can be obtained at the labor office (Agentur für Arbeit):
Some further information in English is provided by the Federal Foreign Office.
- Finding work for your spouse
Everyone working in Germany has to participate in the social security system which includes retirement, unemployment, healthcare, long-term care, and disability insurance. Social security contribution rates are usually shared equally between employee and employer. The income level (up to an upper limit) and the contribution assessment limit determine the amount of monthly contributions.
- Statutory Pension Insurance (Rentenversicherung)
The statutory pension insurance in Germany follows a pay-as-you-go system. Since January 2018, the pension insurance contribution rate has remained unchanged at 18.6% of your income - equally shared by you and your employer. The contributions are deducted monthly from your income by your employer.
- Unemployment insurance (Arbeitslosenversicherung)
The mandatory contribution to the unemployment insurance is currently at 2.4% of your income - equally shared by you and your employer. The contributions are deducted monthly from your income by your employer.
- Statutory accident insurance (Unfallversicherung)
Your employer is obliged to insure you against the consequences of accidents at work and on your way to and from work. The statutory accident insurance provides payment for full medical treatment, occupational and social rehabilitation assistance, supplementary assistance and cash benefits. It is financed only by the employer.
- Health insurance
As long as your income does not exceed a certain level (mandatory insurance limit), you have to join the statutory health insurance system by applying for membership in one of the public health insurance providers. The insurance contribution rate varies slightly depending on the provider; your employer will contribute partly to the contributions. The contributions are deducted monthly from your income by your employer.
The statutory health insurance generally covers hospitalization and medical costs. The statutory health insurance insures your spouse and, up to a certain age, your children at no extra charge – provided that they do not have their own insurance. Health insurance is provided from the first day of employment.
Private medical insurance may be chosen by those who earn more than the annual mandatory insurance limit. It is only for you personally, so additional contributions for your spouse and dependants are required. Private medical insurance allows you to tailor the insurance to meet your needs. The insurance premia depend on your health condition, gender, and age at entry. You can still expect your employer to pay a supplement to your contributions. Once you have signed up for private health insurance you are by law no longer allowed to become a member of statutory insurance.
- Private liability insurance
If you unintentionally cause a damage in Germany (e.g., in an accident), you will be held liable for this damage according to German law with all the money and possessions you currently own as well as any future income. Therefore we highly recommend you a private liability insurance.
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Finding accommodation in Frankfurt can be time-consuming. So, you should start searching as early as possible. Below, you find some links that might help.
- Short-term alternatives
The following institutions primarily offer (intermediation of) short-term (furnished) accommodations:
60322 Frankfurt am Main
Telefon: +49 69 299050
60316 Frankfurt am Main
Phone: +49 69 2578790 or 19445
For the first few days in Frankfurt, a hostel could be a good and cost-effective alternative:
- Permanent living
- Language schools in Frankfurt
- Useful websites
- Validity of foreign driving licences in Germany
Driving licences issued in non-EU countries must be transferred after 6 months, if you have a permanent residence in Germany. Driving a vehicle with a foreign driving licence that is not or no longer recognized in Germany will be treated as driving without a driving licence and penalized accordingly. ( BMVI - Validity of foreign driving licences in the Federal Republic of Germany)