|Researchers:||Burkard Eberlein, Sandra Eckert|
Topic and Objectives:
The project has compared integration dynamics in two high-profile projects of the European Union, namely the European Banking Union (EBU) and the Energy Union. Based on analysis of documents and half-structured interviews, the project pursued the double goal of (1) comparing the degree to which regulatory oversight has been centralized at the European level and (2) uncovering the involvement of regulated industry in the regulatory process. The project output on these two issues was published as a SAFE Working Paper No. 278 and as an article in the Journal of European Integration in January 2020 (with B. Eberlein) respectively. Preliminary project findings regarding political discussions on EBU reforms will feed into research conducted by the new SAFE project “Economic & Monetary Union at a Crossroad”.
- paths of agencification vary significantly in energy and banking with respect to a) the process: incremental change in energy versus sudden change in banking and b) the outcomes: a stronger degree of institutional centralization yet also a significant degree of policy fragmentation in banking.
- technical cross-border cooperation in the electricity sector is characterized by elements of private governance (Journal of European Integration 2020) and regulated industry also plays a significant role in implementing the EBU’s second pillar but in contrast to electricity there are no formalized structures of cooperation.
Although the lack of implementing certain provisions of the EBU (e.g. bail-in rules for banks) to some extent results from deficiencies in the institutional architecture, it can only fully be understood from a political economy perspective. In order to identify political obstacles, further research into how we can explain why reforms remain futile is needed.
|Burkard Eberlein, Sandra Eckert||Private Authority in Tackling Cross-border Issues. The Hidden Path of Integrating European Energy Markets|
Journal of European Integration
|278||Sandra Eckert||EU Agencies in Banking and Energy Between Institutional and Policy Centralisation||2020||Financial Intermediation||agency, banking, centralisation, energy, fiduciary, electricity, policy|