The coronavirus pandemic was a novel challenge for the EU. The purpose of combatting a pandemic was not part of its process of evolution. Still, many observers – both inside and outside the EU – assume that it should be able to play a major role in fighting the pandemic and the subsequent recession. The core question with regard to the EU – as always – is whether it leads to more European integration or rather to an erosion of the Union.
Post-Corona Capitalism: The Alternatives Ahead, Bristol University Press, Chapter 28, pp. 174 - 181, 2022