White Paper No. 23, 2010

Recommendations by the Issing Commission - Memo for the G-20 Summit in Seoul

We see four key policy measures necessary to achieve a more resilient and stable financial system: (1) De-risking individual financial institutions (increasing capital requirements under Basle III); (2) Imposing bail-in (as opposed to bail-out) for debt and equity holders; (3) De-risking the financial system by limiting the extent of systemic risk (creating a systemic risk charge together with an oversight body); and (4) De-risking the trading of securities and derivatives, by requiring financial institutions to use central counterparties (CCP) in these markets.