At the end of each month, the SAFE Regulatory Radar highlights a selection of important news and developments on financial regulation at the national and EU level.
Financial supervision: Revised technical standards and guidelines on the methodology and disclosure for global systemically important institutions
On 4 November 2020, the European Banking Authority (EBA) published the updated final draft regulatory technical standards (RTS) on the identification of indicators to determine global systemic importance of financial institutions. EBA further revised guidelines on the disclosure for global systemically important institutions (G-SIIs) and large entities in the EU with an overall leverage ratio exposure measure over 200 billion euros. Following the latest changes to the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD V), the EBA was mandated to develop an additional methodology for the identification of G-SIIs at the EU level and to bring its acts in line with the framework introduced by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in July 2018.
The most important novelty is a new trading volume indicator to measure systemic importance. The RTS provide data instructions on indicator values and detailed template specifications. Furthermore, the final RTS include insurance activities in the indicator-based measurement approach. Notably, the guidelines on disclosure enable member state authorities to act ex-ante in the disclosure process of the indicators and the underlying values.
After the endorsement of the European Commission, the RTS will be binding in EU member states and apply from the 2022 global systemically important institution exercise onwards. The guidelines on disclosure are non-binding and the national competent authorities have to decide whether to comply with them or not.
Capital Markets Union: Proposed amendments to Liquidity Coverage Rules for Covered Bond Issuers
On 27 October 2020, the European Commission presented a draft delegated Regulation amending the Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) Delegated Regulation and supplementing the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR).
The need for changes was caused by the existing overlap between the 180-day liquidity buffer requirement for covered bonds issued in the EU, established by the Covered Bond Directive in November 2019, and the liquidity coverage requirement under LCR Regulation that applies to all credit institutions, including those that issue covered bonds. As both requirements cover the same outflows, it leads to “double-counting”. To solve this problem, the proposal permits credit institutions to treat liquid assets, held as part of their cover pool liquidity buffer, as unencumbered up to the amount of net liquidity outflows from the associated covered bond programme. The draft regulation also lays down monetization rules for the assessment of liquid assets held in a cover pool liquidity buffer. The proposal also contains some terminological changes to clear the existing rules and to better align the text with the CRR.
After passing through the legislative procedure in the European Parliament and Council, the amended regulation will be applicable from 8 July 2022.
Central counterparties: Final guidance on recovery and resolution
On 16 November 2020, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) issued its final guidance on financial resources to support central counterparty (CCP) resolution and on the treatment of CCP equity in resolution. This non-binding guidance is aimed to support resolution authorities and crisis management in their assessment and to enhance CCP resolvability. The FSB believes that understanding the potential for certain resources and tools can affect financial stability.
The first part of the guidance sets out the 5-step guidance for authorities on assessing the adequacy of financial resources to absorb losses and to cover other costs in resolution. The five steps are (a) identifying hypothetical loss scenarios, (b) evaluation of existing resources and tools, (c) assessing potential resolution costs, (d) comparing existing resources and tools to resolution costs and (e) evaluation of potential means of addressing any identified gaps. The second part of the guidance is focused on approaches to the treatment of CCP equity in resolution and explains how to evaluate the exposure of CCP equity to losses in recovery, liquidation, and resolution. The FSB also recommends resolution authorities to conduct such an assessment in cooperation with the CCP’s supervisory authorities.
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Anastasia Kotovskaia is Research Assistant at the SAFE Policy Center and currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Law at Goethe University.