Monetary Policy and Balance Sheet Adjustment

Publication: White Paper No. 15
Topic Area: Macro Finance
Authors: Otmar Issing
Date: Jun 2014
Keywords: recession, monetary policy, balance sheet adjustment

In the wake of the Global Financial Crisis that started in 2007, policymakers were forced to respond quickly and forcefully to a recession caused not by short-term factors, but rather by an over-accumulation of debt by sovereigns, banks, and households: a so-called “balance sheet recession.” Though the nature of the crisis was understood relatively early on, policy prescriptions for how to deal with its consequences have continued to diverge. This paper gives a short overview of the prescriptions, the remaining challenges and key lessons for monetary policy.

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